Learning Disability is a general term that describes specific learning problems that includes reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning and doing maths. One person with learning disability may not have the same kind of learning problems as another person with learning disability. It is a group of disorders that affect people’s ability to either interpret what they see and hear or to link information from different parts of the brain. These limitations include disabilities with spoken and written language, co ordination, social skills and emotional maturity. Learning problems are not due to environment disadvantage, intellectual disabilities and emotional disturbance. Learning disabilities have an effect on either input [brain’s ability to process incoming information] or output [the person’s ability to use information in practical skills such as reading, maths, spelling], etc.
Person with learning disability need early intervention. Person with learning disability can develop ways to cope with their disabilities. Early intervention increases the chance of success in school and later in life. If learning disability remains unnoticed, a child may begin to feel frustrated, which can lead to low self-esteem and other behavioral problems.
Psycho-educational professionals can help a student’s learning skills by building on the student’s strengths and finding ways to compensate for the child’s weakness. On the basis of nature and extent of the learning disability, the students need help from a clinical psychologist, special educators, speech and language trainers, occupational therapists, etc.